Osteoarthritis Causes – Responsible for Joint Pains

Published: 03rd February 2011
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Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease, can be defined as a series of mechanical abnormalities which include degradation of joints, including articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Its various symptoms include joint pain, tenderness, stiffness, locking, and often an effusion. A large variety of osteoarthritis causes include hereditary, developmental, metabolic, and mechanical – may begin the process leading to the loss of cartilage. The condition in which bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage, bone may be suffered and damaged. Because of the reduced movement secondary to pain, regional muscles may become more lax.

Osteoarthritis is generally caused by unusual wearing and final breakdown of the cartilage. Cartilage is a protein substance that covers and acts as a "cushion" between the bones of the joints. It is also caused by the destruction of synovial fluid that is responsible for lubricating these joints. This is the main reason for pain in the joints.

There are mainly two types of osteoarthritis causes – primary and secondary. The main basic cause is the absence of exercise. A small walk can keep you away from osteoarthritis related issues. The primary type of osteoarthritis is not caused by aging, as there are people well into their nineties who have no clinical or functional signs of the disease. As the age grows, the liquid content of the cartilage decreases as a result of reduced proteoglycan content, resulting into the cartilage being less resilient.

A number of medical studies have depicted that there is a greater prevalence of the disease between siblings and especially identical twins, indicating a hereditary basis. Up to 60% of osteoarthritis causes are meant to result from genetically factors. Other osteoarthritis causes may include congenital disorders of joints, diabetes, inflammatory diseases such as lyme disease, gout, injuries, septic arthritis, and obesity etc.

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